COPS - is a proofreading strategy (Schumaker, Nolan & Deschler, 1991)
To utilize the strategy tell students, 'watch for the cops" and write the menmonic device at the top of the page
C apitalization
O verall Appearance
P unctuation
S pelling


TOWER is a strategy used for the writing process (Schumaker, Nolan & Deschler, 1984)
To utilize tell the students, "When you write, you build a tower"
T hink: think about what you want to write...brainstorm major points
O rder: decide the order that you will use to write down your major ideas (chronological, importance, etc)
W rite : write the first draft
E dit: proofread draft....you can use COPS
R ewrite: rewrite draft incoporating edits

RAP is a strategy to improve reading comprehension (Schumaker, Nolan & Deschler, 1984)
To utilize strategy tell students, "When you read, you should be able to rap about it."
R ead a paragraph
A sk yourself about main idea and details
P ut it in your own words

STAR strategy is used to solve algebra problems (Gagnon & Mancini, 2001)
To uilize the strategy tell students, "Be an algebra STAR"
S earch the problem to determine what you are asked to find
T ranslate the words into a equation. Identify a variable and select an operation. Visualize a concrete
representation. Write the equation.
A nswer the problem
R eview the solution

FAST strategy helps control impulse contrtol

F reeze. Don't react right away. Stop and Think first.
A lternatives. Consider your choices or alternatives for reacting. Consider the consequences for each choice.
S elect. Choose the most appropriate action from the alternatives
T ry it. Go with your plan.

Strategies taken from Voltz, Sims & Nelson, 2010 pp 78-81


HOW is a strategy used for the editing (To utilize tell the students, "When you write, you build a tower"
H Headings to include name, date, subject, and page number if needed
O Organization reminders such as starting on the left, going to the right, then top to bottom while paying attention to margins and spacing
W Written neatly

organizations.missouristate.edu/assets/counselingclub-hut/adhd.doc
SLANT Mnemonic: To help students focus on classroom lectures
S Sit up straight
L Lean forward
A Activate thinking and Ask questions
N Name key information and Nod your head to validate the teacher/speaker
T Track the teacher or speaker
organizations.missouristate.edu/assets/counselingclub-hut/adhd.doc


Trigonometry Mnemonics